Judith Butler, philosopher and author, talking about Walter Benjamin's notion of the gesture in Franz Kafka's parables. In this lecture, Judith Butler discusses Benjamin's background, Kafka's elliptical literary style, the relationship between image and gesture, the possibility of completed action, theology and the Event of language in relationship to Jacques Derrida, Bertolt Brecht, Theodor W. Adorno, Samuel Weber and Karl Marx focusing on messianic time, commodity fetishism, Christianity, the antichrist, the structure of time and space, the Frankfurt School, Kabbalah, the trace, the enigmatic remainder and interruption. Public open lecture for the students and faculty of the European Graduate School EGS Media and Communication Studies department program Saas-Fee Switzerland Europe. 2011. Judith Butler.